The goal of the Women’s Power Gap Initiative (WPG) is to dramatically increase the number of women from diverse backgrounds among CEO and C-suite leaders nationally. Past studies of the higher education industry focused on the representation of women and people of color among college and university presidents, as well as leaders one step down on the path to the presidency – provosts and academic deans, primarily. The Power Gap among Top Earners at America’s Elite Universities examines another key element of power: compensation. Though this study focuses on compensation, it is not a pay gap analysis per se. Instead, it examines the numerical representation of diverse groups among the 2,000+ most highly paid employees at the country’s 130 major research universities (R1 as defined by the Carnegie Classification).